Dangers of Vaping, Juules, etc.

The Dangers of Vaping, Juules, & E-Cigarettes
This is the image for the news article titled The Dangers of Vaping, Juules, & E-Cigarettes

VAPES, JUULES, & E-CIGARETTES
E-cigarette use is on the rise across the United States among teens. One product, Juul (1st picture below), has even sparked the term “juuling,” which is prevalent in the teen lexicon. Teens are drawn to the flavors, such as candy, fruit, chocolate, alcohol, in e-cigarettes. Because of the flavoring, there is a belief that the products are safe for teens.

HEALTH IMPACT

Just as with traditional tobacco products, vaping is not without serious risks. Parents need to be in the know about the risks and what products are on the market. In 2016, “E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General” was released and was the first report to focus on youth and e-cigarette use. This report addressed e-cigarette use young among adolescents (ages 11-14), adolescents (ages 15-17) and young adults (ages 18-25).

According to the Surgeon General’s Report, e-cigarettes are harmful to young people. Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine. A human brain continues to develop through a person’s early to mid-20s. Nicotine use during adolescents'  development can “disrupt the formation of brain circuits that control attention, learning, and susceptibility to addiction.”

Another myth is that the aerosol from an e-cigarette is harmless, especially compared to smoke from traditional tobacco products. The aerosol can contain harmful potentially harmful chemicals. In particular, the flavoring can contain diacetyl, which is a chemical linked to “popcorn lung.” Popcorn lung is similar symptoms to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). According to the American Lung Association, when diacetyl is inhaled, it causes bronchiolitis obliterans, “a scarring of the tiny air sacs in the lungs resulting in thickening and narrowing of the airways.” “Popcorn lung” causes coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.

FDA CRACKDOWN
The FDA recently started a crackdown on retailers selling e-cigarettes to underage kids. The popular vaping device Juul is at the center of the crackdown because it resembles a flash drive and is easy to conceal from adults. Of particular concern is that the flash drive style of devices typically deliver more nicotine. The FDA banned the sale of e-cigarettes to anyone younger than 18 in 2016.
NICOTINE POISONING
Doctors advise parents to watch for signs of nicotine poisoning in underage kids.

-Users largely report use of fruity and sweet flavors, masking the harshness of the nicotine and the illusion of being harmless.
-JUUL pods contain nicotine equivalent of a pack of cigarettes.
-Nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine.
-Of youth who have ever used JUUL, one-in-three have used marijuana with the device.
-At latest count, 37 drugs were capable of being vaped in liquid form

Some of the reported signs include:
-Eyes: Irritation, abrasion, pain, redness, vision
-Head: Headache, agitation, drowsiness, dizziness, excessive salivation
-Skin: Pallor, sweating
-Abdomen: Pain, nausea, vomiting
-Other: High blood pressure, increased heart rate, lack of coordination, twitching, tremor

Symptoms of nicotine poisoning

DAB PENS
Definition:  A dab pen is a vaporizer pen specifically designed to vape cannabis concentrates. A regular dab pen comes with atomizers, coils for heating the material and mouthpiece, which you inhale through to get the vapor.  Students are modifying vape devices and filling the cartridges with marijuana (THC). Methods include hiding the vapes inside highlighter pens, pencil cases, in addition many of the vape devices look like thumb drives and pens.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Michigan Vaping Ban
https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90640-506450--,00.html
https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2019/09/04/michigan-bans-flavored-e-cigarettes/2207061001/
https://time.com/5680439/michigan-bans-e-cigarette/

E-Cigarettes Frequently Asked Questions (US Surgeon General)
https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/documents/2016_SGR_ECig_FAQ_508.pdf

E-Cigarette Fact Sheet (2-16 Surgeon General's Report)
https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/documents/2016_SGR_Fact_Sheet_508.pdf

E-Cigarette Information (US Surgeon General)
https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/about.html

E-Cigarette Parent Tip Sheet (US Surgeon General)
https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/documents/SGR_ECig_ParentTipSheet_508.pdf

FDA Crack Down in 'Blitz' on E-Cigarette Sales to Kids (NBC News)
https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/fda-cracks-down-blitz-e-cigarette-juul-sales-kids-n868746